Complete & Partial Dentures
A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. Two types of dentures are available:
- Complete dentures
- Partial dentures
Complete dentures are used when all the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain.
Complete Dentures are made after the removed teeth, when the gum tissue has begun to heal. It is ready for placement in the mouth about eight to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed. Complete Dentures are made of a plastic base colored same as gum tissue and supports a full set of plastic or porcelain teeth. They are held in the mouth by forming a seal with the gums. They can also be held in place by attaching to dental implants that are surgically placed in the bone of the jaws.
A removable partial denture or bridge usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. Partial dentures can either be made with a plastic base or a metal framework that supports the number of teeth that need to be replaced. It is held in the mouth by using clasps and rests that are carefully adapted around the natural teeth. The partial denture that uses a metal framework is the traditional design, due to the rigidity and strength of the metal.