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Fungal Infections

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Fungal infections occur when an invading fungus attacks an area of the body and is too much for the immune system to handle. It may cause skin changes, including red and possibly cracking or peeling skin or itching.

Types of Fungal Infections


The main symptom of ringworm is a ring-shaped rash with slightly raised edges. The skin inside these circular rashes usually looks healthy. The rash can spread and is often itchy. It is highly contagious but can usually be treated with an antifungal cream.

Athlete’s foot

It affects the skin on your feet, often between your toes. It causes itching, or a burning, stinging sensation between your toes or on the soles of your feet. The skin appears red, scaly, dry, flaky, cracked or blistered skin.

Jock itch

It happens in the area of your groin and thighs. It’s most common in men and adolescent boys. The rash may get worse after exercise or other physical activity and can spread to the buttocks and abdomen.

Scalp Ringworm

affects the skin of the scalp and the associated hair shafts. It’s most common in young children. It causes localized bald patches that may appear scaly or red with scaling and itching on scalp. It should be treated with prescription oral medication as well as antifungal shampoo.

Tinea versicolor

Also called as pityriasis versicolor, is a fungal/yeast skin infection that causes small oval discolored patches to develop on the skin. It is caused by an overgrowth of type of fungus called Malassezia. The discolored skin patches most often occur on the back, chest, and upper arms.

Cutaneous candidiasis

It is caused by Candida fungi that is naturally present on and inside our bodies. It occur in areas that are warm, moist, and poorly ventilated. Some common symptoms are: a red rash, itching, small red pustules, etc.


Antifungal medications such as anti-fungal creams or ointments, pills, powders, sprays, shampoo, etc. work to treat fungal infections. They can either kill fungi directly or prevent them from growing and thriving. In more persistent or severe cases, your doctor may prescribe a stronger antifungal drug to help treat your infection.

Apart from this, keeping the affected area clean and dry and wear loose-fitting clothing or shoes that allow your skin to breathe.